Want to Raise Kuroiler Chicken in Nigeria, Get to Know the Queen of Eggs and Meaty Bird.
Advantages of Kuroiler Chickens over Local Chickens.
Basically it has all the advantages of local chicken and yet performs almost as a good broiler and layer breed of chicken.
– Local Chicken Traits:
It has all the advantages of the African local Chicken. Like local birds they are resistant to disease, can be kept in Free range/semi free-range system, to scratch food for themselves.
You will be able to keep your Kuroiler chicks successfully in a semi-urban environment, and this is a pointer to their big potential.
– Grows Much Fast:
Your Kuroiler chicks will be more resistant to diseases than the typical broiler or Layer breeds and you can easily treat any break through disease by mixing vitamins in feeds and water.
– More Eggs:
Your Kuroiler hens will produce more eggs than their local counter parts displaying the trait of their layer parents. Only difference is that they will not sit on the eggs as the local chicken.
While indigenous chickens typically lay just 30-40 eggs per year, your Kuroilers could easily produce five times that number or around 150-200 eggs per year.
At five months, your Kroiler hens should start laying eggs continuously for two years. It is better business, African egg consumers have always preferred the local chicken eggs , thou small for their yellow yoke. Now you have a comparatively big egg, with yellow yoke being produced in large quantity.
– Heavy Weight:
Your Kuroilers will grow to about double the body weight of their native counterparts, providing much more edible meat.
Hens mature between two and four months and weigh between 2 and 3 kilograms While a mature Kroiler cock weighs between 4 to 5 kilograms.
How to Breed Kuroiler Chicken
At 3 months, it is recommended that the hens are separated from the cocks. Otherwise they would torture the Hens so much when they are together and they could even eat the eggs, the cocks can be sold for meat while the hen (ladies) for eggs.
How to Brood Kuroiler Chicks
Basically the brooder has to be kept warm but air has also to pass through (Ventilated)
Some sources of light would include Power/Electricity lamps/ Infrared lamps for lighting.
Charcoal pots with holes/ Infra red lights/ Coil for heat (use which ever you can afford but there should be lighting and heat (Warmth)
Give Glucose, Chick formula (Vitamins) when your chicks have just arrived.
Feeders and Drinkers’ proportions; use 8 small drinkers, and 10 small feeders for 500 Kuroiler chicks, keep observing your birds as they feed so that you can know when to add the feeders and drinkers.
Ensure you put small stones in your drinkers to ensure the small chicks don’t fall in water for the first 3 days
Feed your One (1) Day old- 4 weeks kuroiler Chicks on Chick Mash (Broiler Starter).
How to construct a coup (House) for your Kuroiler Chicken
You can easily build a poultry House for your Kuroiler Chicken using locally available material.
The principle is that the house should be large enough for the birds to fit and secure from predators.
You can build your poultry houses with either bricks or wooden poles or Tree cuttings “Makoko”.
Of importance your Kuroiler house should be well ventilated to allow enough airing in the house.
The biggest part should be constructed with wire mesh.
How to Vaccinate Your Kuroiler Chicken
For your commercial day old Kuroiler chicks:
On Day 1 : Vaccinate Mareckers, Route, Subcutaneous (s/c) Injection on the Neck region.
On Day 3 : Vaccinate New Castle 1B by a Drop in the mouth
At 1st Week/ Day 7: vaccinate New Castle Plain with Drop in the Eyes or Mouth
On day 10: vaccinate Mareckers Booster Dose by a subcutaneous (s/c) on the Neck
In the 2nd Week: vaccinate Gomboro by a Drop in the Eyes or Mouth
At 3rd Week: Vaccinate New Castle 1B by a Drop in the mouth
At 3rd Week: Vaccinate Infectious Bronchitis by a Drop in the Eyes or mouth
At 4th Week: Vaccinate Gomboro by Drop in the eyes or Mouth
At 5th Week: Vaccinate New Castle 1B by a Drop in the Eyes or Mouth
At 6th-7th Week: Vaccinate Fowl Pox into the Wing Web
At 8th-10th Week : Vaccinate Fowl Typhoid by Injection (I/M) into the Breast Muscle
At 3-3&1/2 Months: Provide laying nests
At 3-4 Months: Deworm
At 4-4& 1/2 Months vaccinate Typhoid
Start laying-off laying period: Vaccinate New Castle Disease 1B every after 2 months
How to feed your Kuroiler Chicken
One Commercial Kuroiler Chicken will eat approx. 5- 8 Kg before laying
It is important that you learn to mix your own feeds
From One (1) Day old- to 4 weeks give Chick Mash (Broiler Starter)
From 4-8weeks give your Kuroiler chicken Growers Mash
From the 1st Laying Period to Off laying period give Layers Mash
Your 500 Kuroiler chicks will require approx. 7 Drinkers and 10 Feeding troughs. Increase number as you see the birds grow, if not enough.
Supplementing With Hydroponics Folder/Sprouted grain
This feed can be made locally and given to your Kuroiler birds as an alternative to traditional milled feeds to significantly cut your production costs.
In Nigeria you can use wheat, barley, maize/corn grain, 300 grams of wheat seed, when it is processed to sprouting grain in 6 days, it will become 6-7kg of hydroponics wheat fodder.
More Kuroiler Feeding Reduction Tips
In addition to the usual feeds , you add the greens. If you supplement with grass, and Kitchen waste, your Kuroiler chicken will eat less food. For example with no green grass at 16 weeks 0ne chick can eat 120gms but with grass it would eat 100gms.
Ensure there are enough feeders and drinkers and that water is there all the time.
When your birds are on Free Range, you have to put some drinkers and feeders outside.
Lake Sand: Lake Sand is good to be mixed in feeds as grit.
Grass: In case you have no paddock, Ensure that you get the recommended grass and you put it in the houses for the chicks/chicken to pick on and eat.
Debeaking: Kroiler/Kuroiler are normaly NOT debeaked. This is because, their sharp mouth is their biggest asset to help them scavenge all sorts of feeds. However, in case they are eating eggs, you may have no option but to debeak.
READ MORE: How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria
READ MORE: The Rabbit Farming Renaissance
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