SOME OF THE ROLES OF MAGGOTS
1. It provides a source of protein for all avian species and fishes too.
2. Also given to mammals as grass cutters and man in form of maggot meal.
3. The waste from it can be used to fertilize the soil.
4. They protect the environment by reducing the amount of waste. produced humanly.
5. The technology for maggot production is simple and cost effective.
THINGS TO CONSIDER IN BUILDING A MAGGOTERY
So, specification of the housing is: a building with opening at the top and sides for proper ventilation.The roof can be made from corrugated iron sheets or thatched; and the following dimensions can be used (can be altered to suit you):*3m from the top to the feet of the building.*3.2m from the floor to the ridge of the building.
*the walls of the building are short (maximum of 3 block coaches) and are open sided to enable aeration.
MAGGOT CULTURE (HOW TO PRODUCE/CULTURE MAGGOTS)
To produce maggots, we need the following:
1. Housefly / Black Soldier Fly (BSF).
3. Fly attractants.
You will see your maggots clustered as ant hill, so, you use a ‘parker’ or a tray, sweep the clustered maggots into a bowl containing water and a sieve. Place your maggots into the bowl and then sieve out the little substrate which will be floating.
Decant the water and then you have your maggots left in the bowl. Now, after harvesting your maggots, you must feed them immediately to your fish or birds except you are preserving or processing. If you leave them fresh, they will turn to pupa which will later turn to housefly. Remember that the maggot is gotten in the life cycle of a housefly and if there is delay in feeding your animals with it, the lifecycle continues and then you end up having much housefly or you end up multiplying the houseflies in your maggotery.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE YIELD OF MAGGOTS
Temperature: nothing the lower the temperature, the less maggots produced. The production of m aggots is best in the temperature of 30oC and above. If the temperature falls below this, yield is affected negatively.
Humidity: production is better in humid conditions. Quantity of fly attractants: the more attractants, the more maggots produced. Quality of fly attractants: some attractants attract more flies than others.
Predators: tracts more flies than others. the more they are, the lesser your yield. The operators’ skill: if the operator is not skillful enough, he/she may miss the target as at the right time to harvest.
USE OF MAGGOTS
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF MAGGOTS
Dry matter – 24.7%
Crude protein – 47.5 – 60%
Minerals – 9%
Lipids – 93.2%
Ash – 23.2%
Ca – 1.5%
P – 1.2%
Mg – 0.3%
PRESERVATION OF MAGGOTS
CONSTRAITS OF MAGGOT PRODUCTION FOR LIVESTOCK FEED
The constraints to the production of maggots include but not limited to the following:
Water logging of substrates during production: this affects yield hence the use of dwarf wall is vital. You can also use wind breaks in places where rainfall is accompanied by wind.
Harmattan or dry air: they dry the substrates faster, hence the reason for low yield season. To avoid this, you water the substrate frequently.
Direct sunlight on substrate: during dry cover the open sided walls with bamboo sticks or palm fronds or dark colored plastic sheets.
Soldier ants: the solution to this is to maintain water regularly in the channel. They cannot cross the cannal as they will only serve as feed to the fishes if they try.
Birds: use of traps or nets is vital to catch these birds or rats or lizards.
Human vigilance: this is vital to ensure you harvest when you’re supposed to harvest. This is also vital as people may enter your maggotery to steal your maggots.